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However, engineers and inventors did not give up and
continued to study how to build the airplane that would take
off, fly and land without problems. In 1901, After two unsuccessful flights by the German inventor
and physicist Gustave Whitehead, finally, The first successful
manned powered flight is believed to have taken place on
August 14 in Connecticut (USA).
Later, on December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers made their
first successful manned flight. They tested a twin-propeller
biplane and managed to fly a distance of 260 meters and 59
seconds in the air. Most aviation historians believe that the Wright Brothers met
the criteria to be considered the inventors of the first
successful airplane before Santos-Dumont because the Wright
Flyer was heavier-than-air, manned and powered, able to take
off and land under its own power and controllable along three
axes. That’s why the Wright brothers have been considered the
inventors of aeroplane and not whitehead; even though he was
first to fly.
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